How does ozone work?
Experts in odor removal know that odors are caused by bacteria, molds, spores, toxins, hydrocarbons, yeast, viruses, and mildew. Most traditional odor removal methods utilize perfume or fragrances to simply mask the odor with another odor. Some chemicals (oxidizers) such as chlorine or hydrogen peroxide can actually destroy odors. However, they are difficult to use and will bleach out almost everything they touch.
Ozone is 03 or enriched oxygen. An oxygen molecule with 3 atoms instead of 2, like the oxygen we breathe. Ozone is a highly efficient purification agent or oxidizer, considerably stronger than chlorine or even hydrogen peroxide. Air or water treated with ozone has no added taste, odor, or chemical residue.
Ozone literally destroys the odor-causing substances by releasing it’s aggressive oxygen atoms to the odor substance which is thereby oxidized. In other words, it undergoes a chemical change resulting in a different substance. It literally destroys the odor-causing substance thereby creating a harmless by-product. Ozone converts back to oxygen when it oxidizes a substance. I.e., (03) ozone loses 1 atom to a substance which gains 1 oxygen atom and becomes oxidized, leaving the 03 as 02 or pure oxygen.
An oxygen Molecule consists of 2 oxygen atoms. Upon entering the ozone generator, electrically excited krypton gas generates a light wave that simulates UV lights from the sun. The oxygen atoms of 02 are split and 03 or ozone is formed. The weakly held active third atom of the ozone is attached to organic molecules. When it reacts with an organic molecule it actually changes the substance to another or oxidizes it just like fire changes organics to carbon, C02 and water.